International Coral Reef Initiative ICRI operates as a global umbrella for coral reefs.
When it was launched at the United Nations Global Conference on Sustainable Development of Small Islands Developing States in Barbados in 1994, there was renewed emphasis on monitoring coral reefs.
In 1995 ICRI called on many nations to commit themselves to increased research and monitoring of reefs with a view to improving their management.
ICRI is a joint initiative of several countries (the United States, Japan, Australia, Jamaica, France, the United Kingdom, the Philippines, and Sweden) in partnership with other coral reef nations around the world, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), international organizations, multilateral development banks, and private sector businesses.
UNEP has given high priority to the implementation of ICRI, supporting regional workshops for the Caribbean, East Asia, Red Sea/Middle East, South Asia, Pacific and Western Indian Ocean/Eastern African regions. These workshops developed regional policy framework and programme of action of the protection and management of coral reefs and associated ecosystems such as seagrass beds and mangrove forests.
There are now three operational units of ICRI: