The World Conservation Union
IUCN has actively worked in many of the Regional Seas programmes, particularly the Wider Caribbean, Kuwait region, Eastern Africa, South Asia, Pacific, and West and Central Africa. Their regional collaboration began in the MAP region, where IUCN helped to draft and implement the Protocol on Specially-Protected Areas (SPAs) and to set up the SPA Regional Activity Centre.
IUCN are also cooperating with the MAP in the implementation of the SAP BIO Project (IUCN is a member of the SAP BIO Advisory Committee).
IUCN has also worked to improve management effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in ICRAN Demonstration Sites in the Western Indian Ocean of Eastern Africa by: developing specific indicators and guidelines for MPA Managers to evaluate the effectiveness of their sites; designing pilot projects and field test the MPA management effectiveness indicators and guidelines; and increasing awareness and use of monitoring and evaluation in the management of MPAs.
All these activities are covered under an associated MoU with the East African region.