The Baltic Sea States signed the Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area
Short Title: Helsinki Convention
Year adopted: 22 March 1974 (UNEP 2001)
Year entered into force: 1980 (UNEP 2001)
Replaced: 1992 (UNEP 2001)
In force: 17 January 2000 (UNEP 2001)
Contracting Parties : (10) Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russian Federation and Sweden (UNEP 2001)
Depositary State: Finland (UNEP 2001)
For full text link to: http://www.helcom.fi/convention/en_GB/convention/
The Baltic Sea Joint Comprehensive Environmental Action Programme
Year Adopted: 1992 (UNEP 2001)
Participating Countries : (10) Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russian federation and Sweden (UNEP 2001)
The main objective of the JCP is to support both "preventive" and "curative" measures in the Baltic drainage basin to restore the ecological balance of the Baltic Sea by reducing pollution loads. This involves identifying pollution sources and carrying out measures to reduce the inputs of nutrients and other harmful substances. Identifying and cleaning up pollution hot spots is a particularly important part of this work (Helcom 2004).
In addition to the HELCOM Contracting Parties, the group includes the governments of Belarus, Czech Republic, Norway, Slovak Republic and Ukraine, the Council of Europe Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the European Investment Bank, the Nordic Environment Finance Corporation, the Nordic Investment Bank, the World Bank and the International Baltic Sea Fishery Commission. A range of non-governmental organisations also takes part in the activities (Helcom 2004).
- Policies, laws and regulations;
- Institutional strengthening and human resource development;
- Investment activities addressing point and non-point source pollution;
- Management programmes for coastal lagoons and wetlands;
- Applied research; and
- Public awareness and environmental education.
For full information link to: http://www.helcom.fi/Projects/jep/en_GB/pitf/