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ROPME Sea Area - Governing Instruments
 

Regional Profile Contacts Participating Countries Website

Kuwait Regional Convention for Cooperation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution

Short Title: Kuwait Convention
Contracting Parties: State of Bahrain, Iran, Republic of Iraq, State of Kuwait, Sultanate of Oman, State of Qatar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UNEP 2001)
Adopted: 24 April 1978 (UNEP 2001)
Entered into Force: 1 July 1979 (UNEP 2001)

No Signatories without ratification, acceptance, or approval.

Objectives:
To prevent, abate, and combat pollution of the marine environment from various sources of pollution, such as pollution from ships, pollution caused by dumping from ships and aircrafts, pollution from land-based sources, pollution resulting from exploration and exploitation of the bed of the territorial sea and its subsoil and the continental shelf, pollution from other human activities, co-operation in dealing with pollution Emergencies. The Convention shall apply to the sea area in the Region bounded in the south by the following rhumb lines: from Ras Dharbat Ali in (160 39 / N, 530 3 / 30//E) then to a position in (160 00/ N, 530 25/E) then to a position in (170 00/ N, 560 30/E) then to a position in (200 30/ N, 600 00/E) then to Ras Al Fasteh (250 04 / N, 610 25 / E), referred to as the "Sea Area" (UNEP 2001).

 

For full text of the Convention link to the ROPME Website:
http://www.ropme.net/pages/legal.htm

 

Action Plan for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Areas of Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates

Participating States: State of Bahrain, Iran, Republic of Iraq, State of Kuwait, Sultanate of Oman, State of Qatar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UNEP 2001)
Adopted: 24 April 1978 (UNEP 2001)
Entered into Force: 1 July 1979 (UNEP 2001)
Depositary State: Kuwait (UNEP 2001)

Objectives:
The Action Plan consists of four main components; Environmental Assessment, Environmental Management, Legal Component, and Institutional and Financial Arrangements. Protection of the marine environment is the first priority with a view to promotion of human health and well-being as the ultimate goal, the Action Plan aims to achieve, the following:

  • Assessment of the state of the environment including socio-economic development activities related to environmental quality and of the needs of the Region in order to assist Governments to cope properly with environmental problems, particularly those concerning the marine environment;
  • Development of guidelines for the management of those activities which have an impact on environmental quality or on the protection and use of renewable marine resources on a sustainable basis;
  • Development of legal instruments providing the legal basis for cooperative efforts to protect and develop the Region on a sustainable basis; and
  • Supporting measures including national and regional institutional mechanisms and structure needed for the successful implementation of the Action Plan.

 

Protocol concerning Regional Co-operation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency

Adopted: Kuwait, 24 April 1978
Entered into force on 1 July 1979
Same status of participation as the Convention;

 

Protocol concerning Marine Pollution resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf

Adopted: Kuwait 1989.
Entered into force on 17 February 1990.
Same status of participation as the Convention

 

Protocol for the Protection of the Marine Environment against Pollution from Land-Based Sources

Adopted: Kuwait 1990.
Entered into force on 2 January 1993.

Six Parties by 6 January 2003. One Signatory without ratification, acceptance, or approval

 

Protocol on the Control of Marine Transboundary Movements and Disposal of Hazardous Wastes and other Wastes

Adopted: Tehran, 17 March 1998.

Five ratifications by 6 January 2003.

Two Signatories without ratification, acceptance, or approval.

Drafts of the Protocol Concerning the Conservation of Biological Diversity and the Establishment of Protected Areas and the Concept Paper on Biodiversity have been prepared. The Second Legal/Technical Expert Meeting on the draft Protocol concerning the Conservation of Biological Diversity and the Establishment of Protected Areas was held in Tehran, I.R.Iran, 3-5 July 2004. The Third Legal/Technical Expert Meeting on the draft Protocol concerning the Conservation of Biological Diversity and the Establishment of Protected Areas will be held in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, 11-13 September 2004. 

 

For full text of the Protocols link to the ROPME Website:

http://www.ropme.net/pages/legal.htm


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