Under the Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities, UNEP conducted an assessment of the most adequate tools cities and other organizations can use to quantify a city’s resource consumption and measure progress toward decoupling their prosperity from ever-increasing resource use. 

Download the Executive Summary here.


  Under the Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities, UNEP conducted a review of current activities carried out by different stakeholders and organizations on resource efficiency at the city level.

Download the Executive Summary here.


  Under the Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities, UNEP conducted a Global City Survey, to assess how local leaders and city practitioners perceive resource efficiency. It looked into the needs of cities and how the resource efficiency approach can address existing city priorities. This document summarizes the main findings of the Global Survey. 

Download the Executive Summary here.


  Under the Global Initiative for Resource Efficient Cities, UNEP conducted a Global City Survey, to assess city level perceptions of and approaches to resource efficiency and to better understand and addresses differentiated needs of cities. This info graphic highlights the main key figures from the Global Survey. 

Download the Info Graphic here.

    This document presents the main projects and activities carried out by UNEP, with partners, to assist cities in their role in decoupling economic development from resource use and environmental impacts, while achieving a better balance among social, environmental and economic objectives. 
     This document  outlines 8 key messages  critical for more resource efficient cities, while providing concrete examples of successful local policies.  Each message showcases city to highlight the benefits of taking action to improve resource efficiency across sectors such as buildings, transport, waste managment, etc. 


Liveable Cities: The Benefits of Urban Environmental Planning

From the use of horse-drawn carriages to solve public transport shortage in Bayamo, Cuba to an emissions trading scheme in Taiyuan, China, cities around the world are providing inspiring examples in the global quest for sustainability and the fight against climate change. The report “Liveable Cities: The Benefits of Urban Environmental Planning”, published by UNEP, Cities Alliance and ICLEI, showcases 12 examples of cities around the world. It explores various options for sustainable urban development ranging from practical tools and comprehensive policies to innovative market mechanisms, and makes a strong case for the environment as the key asset for cities.



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Cities and Carbon Finance: A Feasability Study on Urban CDM


Despite its great success, with more than 3,300 CDM projects registered within many countries and within many sectors, some important emission sources, sectors and countries are still underrepresented within the CDM. This report explores why cities are not well-represented in the CDM and proposes several solutions to increase their participation and support their access to carbon finance.




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Sustainable, Resource Efficient Cities - Making it happen!

 This report contributes to the discourse of global environmental well-being by focusing on sustainability and resource efficiency. It is especially useful since it highlights genuine opportunities for city leaders and supports its arguments through a set of inspirational case studies of cities that have successfully improved their transition to sustainability.





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Cities. Investing in Energy and Resource Efficiency

The Green Economy report demonstrates that the greening of economies is not generally a drag on growth but rather a new engine of growth; that it is a net generator of decent jobs, and that it is also a vital strategy for elimination of persistent poverty. The report also seeks to motivate policy makers to create the enabling conditions for increased investments in a transition to a green economy. It makes the case that cities are an important vehicle for transitioning to a green economy, with a chapter on “Cities: Investing in Energy and Resource Efficiency”.  Many successful examples are highlighted in the report.

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Framework  Elements for Assessing Urban Environmental Performance

This paper examines the opportunities for developing a global consensus on an Urban Environmental Index to assess the environmental performance of cities. it includes an analysis of a variety of conceptual and actual sustainability and environmental reporting systems at the national and community/municipal level and an evaluation of their strengths and weaknesses in the face of current challenges.

The study concludes that there is a lack of consensus about the different sectors that need to be monitored. To bridge this gap, the authors propose a seven-sector framework for assessing environmental performance, looking at the carbon cycle, water resources, solid waste, pollutants, biodiversity, nitrogen and phosphorous (N and P) cycles, and land use change.



  Download the Report Urban Environmental Performance