Rio+20 adopted a Global Framework for action on SCP
At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), the Heads of State reaffirmed that promoting sustainable patterns of consumption and production is one of the three overarching objectives of, and essential requirements for sustainable development.
As a response, Heads of State adopted “the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns (10YFP) as contained in the A/CONF.216/5 document… “ (paragraph 226, “The Future we Want”; Rio+20 Outcome Document) The 10YFP is a very concrete and operational outcome of Rio+20.
adopted document provides the vision, goals and values of the 10YFP as well as its functions, organisational structure, means of implementation, criteria for programmes design and an initial, non-exhaustive list of five programmes. The A/CONF.216/5 is available for download in 6 languages:
UNEP has been requested to act as the 10YFP Secretariat and to establish and administer a Trust Fund to support SCP implementation in developing countries. The UN General Assembly, at its 67th session (UNGA67), nominated ECOSOC as the ad interim reporting body and decided to establish a 10-member board consisting of two members of each UN regional group.
The 10YFP responds to the 2002 Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and builds on the eight years work of the Marrakech Process , on regional SCP strategies and initiatives, as well as on the work of national cleaner production centres and other SCP best practices engaging a wide range of SCP stakeholders.
|“The 10-year framework should draw on valuable aspects of such experiences as the Marrakech Process, the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management and national cleaner production centres. The ongoing activities of the Marrakech Process, such as the task forces, should be considered for integration into the structure of the 10-year framework of programmes;” (10YFP adopted document (A/CONF.216/5; paragraph 2.b,)
What is the 10YFP?
It is a global framework of action to enhance international cooperation to accelerate the shift towards SCP in both developed and developing countries. The framework will support capacity building, and facilitate access to technical and financial assistance for developing countries for this shift. The 10YFP will develop, replicate and scale up SCP and resource efficiency initiatives, at national and regional levels, decoupling environmental degradation and resource use from economic growth, and thus increase the net contribution of economic activities to poverty eradication and social development. The framework will encourage innovation and cooperation among all stakeholders.
All actors from all countries can be involved in the implementation of the 10YFP activities: government, private sector, civil society, researchers, UN agencies, financial institutions, and other major groups.
- Support regional and national policies and initiatives to accelerate the shift towards SCP, contributing to resource efficiency and decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation and resource use, while creating new job/market opportunities and contributing to poverty eradication and social development.
- Mainstream SCP into sustainable development policies, programmes and strategies, as appropriate, including into poverty reduction strategies.
- Provide financial and technical assistance and capacity building to developing countries, supporting the implementation of SCP activities at the regional and national levels.
- Enable all stakeholders to share information and knowledge on SCP tools, initiatives and best practices, raising awareness and enhancing cooperation and development of new partnerships – including public-private partnerships.
Structure of the 10YFP
The 10YFP has an organizational structure which includes a Secretariat (hosted by UNEP), a small board, a UN Interagency Coordination Group, National SCP Focal Points and ECOSOC acting as ad interim reporting body. Means of implementation is through voluntary contributions from all sources, and a Trust Fund to be administered by UNEP to support developing countries in the implementation at the national level. A Global SCP Clearinghouse will be the main information platform.
The 10YFP Programmes
The programmes are at the core of the framework
. They will bring together existing initiatives and partnerships working in similar areas, building synergies and cooperation between stakeholders to leverage resources to achieve shared objectives and minimize duplication of ongoing efforts.
|“This indicative list builds on the experience gained through the Marrakech Process, including those areas identified in the regional sustainable consumption and production round tables, strategies and action plans, inter alia:” (10YFP adopted document (A/CONF.216/5; paragraph 8).
The programmes will contribute to meeting the goals and principles of the 10YFP responding to national and regional needs, priorities and circumstances. They will encourage participation of governments, business, civil society and all relevant stakeholders. The programmes will use a mix of policy instruments and set clear objectives, activities and indicators of success.
The 10YFP will start with an initial list of 5 programmes:
i) Consumer information;
ii) Sustainable lifestyles and education;
iii) Sustainable public procurement;
iv) Sustainable buildings and construction;
v) Sustainable tourism, including ecotourism.
History of the 10YFP – from Rio to Rio
As stated in Agenda 21, adopted in Rio de Janeiro in 1992: “The major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environment are the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production …”
The 10YFP responds to the 2002 Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) call to all stakeholders to “Encourage and promote the development of a 10-year framework of programmes (10YFP) in support of regional and national initiatives to accelerate the shift towards sustainable consumption and production to promote social and economic development within the carrying capacity of ecosystems...”.
The 10YFP is a concrete and operational outcome delivered at Rio+20 in June 2012. It builds upon the experience of the Marrakech Process (2003-2012), which was a bottom-up multi-stakeholder process. This global process identified regional SCP needs and priorities, and supported the development of regional SCP strategies in most regions as well as the implementation of 33 demonstration projects worldwide (see MP progress report
). These included national SCP action plans, capacity building and SCP toolkits in the areas of sustainable procurement, tourism, buildings and construction, products, education and lifestyles, as well as various communications tools and awareness raising activities. The Marrakech Process informed the elaboration of the 10YFP, which was one of five themes at 18th and 19th Sessions of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD 18 and CSD 19).
The 10YFP is built on the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, with developed countries taking the lead. Many of these developed countries who have helped construct the 10YFP are already investing substantial financial, human and technical resources in capacity-building projects and programmes on SCP. The seven Marrakech Process Task Forces and the EC’s SWITCH Asia Programme are just a few examples.