The UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics initiated the OzonAction Programme in 1991 to strengthen the capacity of Governments in developing countries and countries with economies in transition (CEITs) to enable them achieve compliance with the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. With the programme’s assistance, countries are able to make informed decisions about alternative technologies and ozone-friendly policies.
UNEP Capacity-building services under OzonAction Programme, that empower the National Ozone Units (NOUs) include an information clearinghouse, training and regional networking. To date UNEP facilitates the operation of 10 regional/sub-regional Networks involving 147 members from developing countries and countries with economies in transition. The work of the OzonAction Programme in Africa is being funded by the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol.
Since 1995 The UNEP Regional Office for Africa has been in charge of the coordination of the Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) Officers Networks (ODSSONET) for English-Speaking and French-speaking Africa. These two Networks were coordinated by one Regional Network Coordinator until 2002 when delivery of the OzonAction Programme was regionalized to meet the changing needs of Article 5 Countries during the compliance period. The Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) was then launched and regional CAP teams were built in each of the UNEP regional Offices to ensure direct assistance to countries.
The Africa Region CAP team is based in Nairobi, Kenya and comprise of five professional Staff and two Programme assistants. This team is directly in charge of the implementation of over 200 national and regional projects for countries members to the two Networks.
- Anglophone Africa
The Ozone officers network for English-speaking Africa region has been in existence for over ten years to date and is poised to move to greater heights. Network members include 27 countries:
» 25 English-speaking African countries (Angola, Botswana, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Liberia, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe)
» Special assistance is also provided to 2 Portuguese-speaking countries in the Network (Angola and Mozambique) mainly through special sessions, meetings and group discussions as well as through the involvement of Portugal during the meetings.
- Francophone Africa
The formation of the Ozone Officers Network for French-speaking Africa was approved at the 12th Executive Committee Meeting in March 1994.
To-date, this network comprises of 26 members :
» 22 French-speaking African countries ( Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Republic), Democratic Republic of Congo (D. R. C), Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Gabon, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Togo and Tunisia );
» 3 Portuguese-speaking African countries ( Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau and Sao Tome & Principe);
» 1 Spanish-speaking African countries ( Equatorial Guinea).
The support provided by the Regional Office for Africa (ROA) goes beyond the coordination of the two Networks. ROA information team initiated the first Regional Workshop for Environmental journalists on Ozone issue. This was emulated later by other regional CAP team and to date cooperation with Environmental Journalists Network has became part of OzonAction Regional awareness programmes.
The good work of the Africa Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP)team was acknowledged was a Certificate of Appreciation was awarded to UNEP (OzonAction Programme, Ozone Secretariat, Multilateral Fund Secretariat) by the President of Senegal, on 15 December 2005, for support to African countries in implementing the Montreal Protocol through UNEP’s capacity building and technology transfer activities.