1. African Beverages Industries Water Savings Initiative (ABIWSI)
Based on the outcome from a sector study, a framework analysis and an in-plant assessment that were carried out under the African Brewery Sector Water Saving Initiative (ABREW) in four African countries and in the context of the African Water Vision, the African Beverage Industry Water Saving Initiative (ABIWSI) was formulated. The potential to reduce water consumption in the beverage industries in Africa is considerable, considering that they exceed international bench marks for water consumption significantly. This also indicates that there are opportunities for Cleaner Production measures to reduce water consumption in these industries. The main objective of the programme is to promote efficient utilization of water and reduction of water discharge from African beverage industries and through this contribute to the fulfilment of the African Water Vision. In March 2010, the Regional Office for Africa organised a regional workshop on the African Beverages Industries Water Saving Initiative. With this regional workshop the programme for implementation of water saving initiatives in the different beverage industries started. The workshop was attended by participants from eighteen beverage companies in seven countries and seven National Cleaner Production Centres. A follow-up national meeting was held in Addis Ababa in January 2011 during which the 5 participating companies presented the progress being made in implementing ABIWSI. The programme is ongoing and the companies involved are currently implementing various measures in order to reduce their water consumption.
2. Implementation of the Joint UNIDO-UNEP Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Africa
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and UNEP cooperate to promote the transition towards sustainable industrial systems in developing and transition countries. This is part of their broader programmes on promoting Green Industry and Green Economy, respectively. Specifically, the joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) aims to improve the overall resource efficiency and environmental performance of businesses and other organisations. UNIDO and UNEP therefore develop and strengthen national capacities for delivering support services for RECP implementation to businesses, governments and other organisations. This enables them to implement RECP concepts, methods, techniques and policies and thereby improve the efficiency of their use of natural resources (energy, materials, water) and reduce their pollution and waste intensities. In addition, UNIDO and UNEP support the establishment and efficient operation of a global network with regional chapters that facilitate the effective transfer of RECP knowledge and technology and foster both South-South and North-South cooperation.
3. Application of PRE-SME and Responsible Production toolkits in the African region
UNEP’s project on Promoting Sustainable Consumption and Production in Developing Countries for Poverty Alleviation led to a number of products and guidelines including the development of the Responsible Production Handbook for Chemical Hazards Management in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), the Toolbox for Analysing Sustainable Ventures in Developing Countries entitled Towards Triple Impact and the Guidance Framework on SCP Indicators for Developing Countries. Another project on Promoting Resource Efficiency in SMEs (PRE-SME) in Developing Countries has led to the production of a toolkit on promoting resource efficiency in SMEs. The Responsible Production Handbook has also provided a valuable input to the toolkit on PRE-SME, which is being developed in the broader context of the Global Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production that is being implemented with the active participation of the Network of the National Cleaner Production Centres (NCPCs). A Regional Training on Resource Efficient and Responsible Production has been organised in June 2010 in Cairo, Egypt as part of scaling-up the dissemination and utilisation of the above tools to enable NCPCs and other technical service providers to use them as part of their technical support service tools in the region. As a follow-up, the toolkits are being applied in six industries in three countries in the African region as a demonstration project. The objective is to further demonstrate the potential benefit that industries can achieve through RECP improvement programmes and to generate feedback on the use and applicability of the PRE-SME resource kit. The PRE-SME resource kit and training handbook are now available on UNEPs dedicated PRE-SME website: http://www.unep.fr/scp/presme
4. Preparation for CSD-18, CSD-19 and Rio+20
During the second meeting of the Steering Committee on the African 10-YFP on SCP, the regional preparatory process for the subsequent cycle of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), which will be focusing on sustainable consumption and production, has been discussed. The meeting decided that the regional preparatory work for Africa should be carried out in the context of the regional follow-up of the African 10-YFP. Subsequently, support was provided for the preparation of the regional assessment report on SCP in Africa as an input to CSD-18 as well as for e regional expert group meeting that reviewed and finalised that report, including input for the UN Secretary General Report on SCP. In addition, contribution was made to the draft Marrakech Process Progress Report as an official background document for CSD-18. For the next cycle of the Commission on Sustainable Development in light of its 19th session (CSD-19) and Rio+20, it will be deliberated on the progress that has been made so far on developing the 10-Year Framework of Programmes and deciding on the way forward including global implementation mechanisms. The Sixth African Roundtable on SCP recommended the further consolidation of Africaís achievement through a coordinated regional input to CSD-19. Consequently, support will be provided through the Marrakech Task Force on Cooperation with Africa for the preparation of the regional assessment report on sustainable tourism as an input to CSD-19 and Rio+20. Meetings, briefing seminars and side events in the margins of CSD-19 as appropriate to disseminate the outcomes of the Marrakech Process will be organised, and links and consultations to build political support for CSD-19 decision on a 10-YFP. Input will also be provided to emerging discussions on Rio+20, support to regional and national initiatives on SCP and follow-up for Rio+20.
5. Sustainable Buildings Policies in Developing Countries (SPOD)
The SPOD project builds on the work done jointly by UNEPís Sustainable Buildings and Climate Initiative (SBCI) and the Finland-led Marrakech Task Force on Sustainable Buildings and Construction, and will be closely coordinated with UNEPís and UN-HABITATís (United Nations Human Settlements Programme) common work on sustainable urban development. The project aims to assist governments at national and local levels, and in particular in developing countries to develop policy tools in support of mainstreaming sustainable construction and building approaches, also resulting in reduced carbon footprint from buildings. The project is set up by SBCI in cooperation with the Marrakech Task Force on Sustainable Buildings and Construction and will be implemented in two pilot cities in Africa. The objective of SPOD is to create the capacity for countries to establish a policy foundation for mainstreaming sustainable construction and buildings, including reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and to assist developing countries in efforts of poverty alleviation, social equity and economic prosperity through policies for sustainable construction and buildings.