The Basel Convention entered into force on 5 May 1992. The Convention controls the transboundary movement and trade in hazardous waste in response to growing concerns of illegal dumping of hazardous waste in developing countries. The Convention provides categories of waste that are considered hazardous due to reasons of toxicity, flammability and others
The Rotterdam Convention controls the trade of hazardous and harmful chemicals through a list of hazardous and harmful chemicals and through a prior informed consent procedure where States are made aware of potential imports and exports to and from their countries and can decide whether to allow the import or export. The Rotterdam Convention entered into force on 24 February 2004.
Regional workshops and technical assistance are provided to assist countries in the region that are parties to the two Conventions.
There are three Basel Regional Centers in the Asia Pacific Region which undertake activities for the Basel Convention. They are located in China, Indonesia and Iran. In addition, the Basel Convention Secretariat has developed a project “The Basel Convention Partnership on the Environmentally Sound Management of Electrical and Electronic Wastes for Asia Pacific Region” for which it is seeking funding to implement.
The Rotterdam Convention organizes workshops to build regional capacity and raise awareness. These workshops enable Designated National Authorities and Focal Points to carry out their country’s obligations under the Conventions. The Rotterdam Convention Secretariat also assists countries to develop National Action Plans to implement the Convention.