Climate Change




Ecosystem Management

Achieving long-term ecological sustainability for economic growth and human well-being in Asia Pacific

The Asia Pacific region boasts a high level of biological and cultural diversity which has greatly shaped its history and economic activities. While the region occupies less than 10 per cent of the planet’s total surface, it is home to more than half of the world’s human population and some of the most diverse plant and animal species in the world. 


High population growth, rapid industrialization and urbanization are exerting pressures on the region's natural resource base. Achieving long-term ecological sustainability with continued economic growth and ensuring human well-being remains one of the biggest challenges for the region.  Its natural ecosystems face increasing pressure from human activities and land use change; ongoing environmental degradation risks the erosion of the goods and services from natural ecosystems, as well as reducing ecosystems’ resilience against climate change.

To address these challenges, UNEP works closely with governments, international and regional organizations, national research and education institutes, the private sector and civil society, to ensure that the environmental conditions for prosperity, stability and equity are maintained to optimize the region’s prospects for sustainable development. Efforts are focused in three areas:  

  • Strengthening the capacity of countries to integrate an ecosystem management approach into development and planning processes is enhanced.

  • Ensuring that countries are able to utilize ecosystem management tools
  • Helping countries realign their environmental programmes and financing to address degradation of selected priority ecosystem services