The Caucasus - an ecoregion connecting the Western and Eastern civilizations, delineated by the Black and the Caspian seas, is unique in both its geographical and environmental makeup. Its widely varied ecosystems: from mountains to deserts - enclose a rich diversity of plant and animal species, many of which exist only within its borders. Its several mountain ranges, like a chain, link together different nations and peoples, in their territorial, historical and cultural past and present.
Preserving the immense cultural and natural heritage of the Caucasus Mountains requires effectively preventing the degradation of the environment and supporting sustainable development in the region. This called for the Caucasus countries: the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and Turkey - to take a common approach and consider the Caucasus region as one space of sustainable development.
The cooperation process in the area of protection and sustainable development of the Caucasus Mountains will contribute to solving the environmental socio-economic problems of the region. In this respect, the positive experience of the Alpine and Carpathian countries in negotiating regional mechanisms for the protection and sustainable development of their respective mountain ranges can become a useful resource to the Caucasus nations.
As invited by the Governments, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) services the Caucasus mountain cooperation, in partnership with REC-Caucasus and in collaboration with other regional and international partners, such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the World Conservation Union (IUCN), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and many others.
As a next step, UNEP will assist the Governments of the region in forming synergies with existing projects and fostering multilateral partnerships for mountain issues both within the Caucasus as well as with the other mountain regions of the world.
The interested regional and national stakeholders are invited to become a part of this effort for the protection and sustainable development of this unique and valuable mountainous region.
History of the Process
Why is cooperation on the protection of the environment and the sustainable development of the Caucasus region needed?
Caucasus Ecoregion Maps - GRID-Arendal
For all information relating to the Caucasus Mountain Cooperation, please contact:
Ms. Tamara Mitrofanenko
United Nations Environment Programme
Regional Office for Europe - Vienna Office
Phone: +43 1 26060 4722
Fax: +43 1 26060 6730