Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges faced by societies today. It has significant implications on energy, food and water security as well as health and safety for countries and people around the world.
|Disasters & Conflicts
Environmental degradation, inequitable access to natural resources and the transboundary movement of hazardous materials can lead to conflict and pose a risk to national security and human health.
Scientific evidence shows that ecosystems are under unprecedented pressure, threatening prospects for sustainable development. In Europe, factors including agricultural intensification, the destruction of habitats, pollution, over-exploitation, invasive species and climate change pose threats to crucial ecosystems and the valuable services they provide.
UNEP engages with intergovernmental bodies and UN agencies, industries, civil society, research organizations and a range of other stakeholders towards establishing effective environmental governance at global, national and local levels.
Tens of thousands of chemicals used in a range of products and industrial processes are an intrinsic part of modern life. Many products which have contributed to making our lifestyles more comfortable, including domestic appliances, detergents, pharmaceuticals, personal computers, involve the use of chemicals to varying degrees.
Over recent decades, the growing movement of goods and services across international borders has led to an increase in trade in a range of environmentally sensitive commodities, such as minerals, forest products, fish, and agricultural produce.