Five Pacific nations in the global South – Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Papua New Guinea – have joined with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to establish the Coral Triangle programme. The Coral Triangle initiative is helping to safeguard one of the most extraordinary marine spaces on the planet while sustaining the well-being of those who depend on the ocean for their livelihoods.
A number of projects make up this South-South cooperative effort, including:
Promoting sustainable fishing: Partner nations and the WWF are seeking to cut down on overfishing, facilitate sustainable aquaculture, and ensure that the benefits of the tuna trade redound to the benefit of island nations.
Creating marine protected areas: The initiative will also work to create marine protected areas (MPAs) throughout the Coral Triangle that appropriately balance the importance of protecting some of the most biodiverse places on earth with the importance of sustaining the livelihood of the local fishing community.
Reducing the impacts of climate change and tourism: The initiative will also bring together governments to help mitigate the impact of and adapt to the threats that climate change pose to the Coral Triangle.
Home to more than 500 species of coral and spanning more than five million square kilometers, the Coral Triangle is one of a very small number of biodiversity “hotspots” around the world. More than 1,500 species of fish can be found in the waters off eastern Indonesia alone, for instance. Accordingly, ecotourism brings in US $12 billion annually to the area, and the Coral Triangle over all supports an estimated 120 million individuals.
To read more about the solutions offered by the Coral Triangle programme, visit: http://www.unep.org/south-south-cooperation/case/casedetails.aspx?csno=76