Part 2: Issues in Sustainable Development

Forests (review) 

SummaryForests

Forest resources are generally owned by the state. As a result, local communities and individuals do not think of themselves as having a responsibility to use the resources sustainably.

Main Idea

Forest management

Key Concepts

      • Sustainable Forest Management

Outcomes

Knowledge of

      • the state of forests by African sub-region
      • best management practices

Understanding of

      • the need for sustainable forest management
      • ecosystem-based forest management

Ability to

      • explain community forest management
      • explain the benefits derived from high value tree species

Core Readings

  1. Africa Environment Outlook 2, Chapter 6: Forests and Woodlands,
    pages 209-223
    Review from Forests Module, sub-regional overviews (15 pages, approximately 2 pages each)
  2. Forest Governance
    Global perspective on forest management, trend towards ecosystem approach, mention of fighting corruption, and summary of institutional milestones (1 page)
  3. Enabling Sustainable Forest Management
    Explains the need for sustainable management and examples of best practices (22 pages)

Sustainability Strategies

  1. Community Based Natural Resource Management, “Cameroon: Fruits of the Forest,” pages 12-13
    Researchers and farmers benefit from domesticating high-value tree species (2 pages)
  2. Community Forests – Cameroon
    A case study on community forest management (5 pages)

Supplemental Readings

  1. Forestry Resources
    Graphs and key statistics on global production (4 pages)
  2. Forest Finances
    Shortage of funds for forest preservation; charges for use of forest resources are complicated and improperly valued; one solution is decentralization and cost and benefit sharing with local community management (12 pages)

Assignment Questions

  1. Forests: Characterize the forest cover in your region. What causes of deforestation are most relevant locally?