Low Carbon Mobility Strategy for Cities

One of the key components of the project is the preparation of Low-carbon comprehensive Mobility Plans (LCMPs) for up to four major cities across India. The process of developing LCMPs involves a step-by-step approach that includes:

  • Analsing the existing situation and current mobility trend in each city;

  • Understanding future mobility demand and how it will be met if
    business-as-usual policies are applied;

  • Articulating alternative scenarios by applying four sustainable strategies—public transport, non-motorised transport, urban structure, and technological change—to simultaneously meet mobility needs and improve the environment, equity and safety; and

  • Evaluating if these sustainable strategies help achieve the goals of India’s overall climate strategy. If these sustainable strategies fall short of this vision, then a backcasting approach is used to identify additional necessary measures.

Three cities, namely Visakhapatnam, Rajkot and Udaipur are developing LCMPs.


Visakhapatnam is a city located on the southeastern coast of India. Vizag, as it is popularly referred to, is the seventh largest city in India and has a population that is growing even faster than other Indian cities. As a result, there is an urgent need to expand urban infrastructure to meet residents’ mobility needs.

                                                          Vizag City Seaport

The LCMP approach is both timely and appropriate for Vizag. Led by Commissioner Sh. B. Ramanjaneyulu, municipal authorities organised a city stakeholders’ meeting. URC and the Indian Institute of Technlogy (IIT), Delhi made a presentation illustrating the LCMP approach and answered questions from the audience. In the afternoon, discussions were held with the Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC) about the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between URC and GVMC. An agreement was reached and the MoU was finalised for executive approval. The MoU was subsequently signed by the commissioner on 23 February, 2012. A newspaper article on development of the LCMP for the city was published in the local paper. To view this article, please click on the link below:


Rajkot is a city located in the west of India. The city has a strong industrial base and is experiencing rapid growth. Lead by Commissioner Sh. Ajay Bhadoo, the municipal authorities organised a meeting of city stakeholders in December 2011. URC and the CEPT University in Ahmedabad made a presentation on the LCMP approach and answered questions from the audience. The stakeholders had already approved the MoU, which was then signed by the commissioner.

        Commissioner Sh. Ajay Bhadoo, Signing the MOU between Rajkot and URC,
                                                                  for the Development of a LCMP


After meeting with representatives from the UNEP Risoe Centre (URC) and a local partner organization, Udaipur’s Urban Improvement Trust (UIT) agreed to collaborate with URC via a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). The memorandum has been sent to the state government for endorsement.

Known as the “City of Lakes,” Udaipur lies in western India, in the state of Rajasthan. Founded in 1559, the capital of the Princely State of Mewar is strategically located in a saucer-shaped basin in the Ahar River Valley, surrounded by the hills of Aravali Range. With its many lakes and picturesque setting, it is a major destination for both domestic and international tourists.

Organized by UIT, the meeting provided an opportunity for URC to share details of the project with key stakeholders and line departments. While the Udaipur Municipal Council (UMC) is the main civic body, UIT is responsible for Udaipur’s overall development, implementing projects and plans in both rural and urban areas. In addition to UMC and UIT, a number of line departments are involved in delivering urban services and developing infrastructure.


In Focus

Special Issue: Energy Policies for Low Carbon Sustainable Transport in Asia

Key Project Interventions