The Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) is the leading global public-private initiative promoting cleaner fuels and vehicles in developing and transition countries.
Established at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in September 2002 in Johannesburg, the PCFV brings together 72 organizations representing developed and developing countries, the fuel and vehicle industries, civil society, and leading world experts on cleaner fuels and vehicles. Our partners combine their resources and efforts to achieve cleaner air and lower greenhouse gas emissions from road transport by applying fuel quality improvements and proven vehicle technologies in use in leading global auto markets.
The PCFV provides a range of technical, financial and networking support for governments and other stakeholders to reduce vehicle emissions, namely fine particulate matter, carbon monoxide, black carbon and nitrogen oxides, and improve fuel economy.
Following the successful ten-year campaign to end the use of leaded petrol on a global scale, the PCFV was re-launched in October 2012 in London with a renewed focus on:
The Lead Campaign
Leaded petrol poisoning is one of the world’s most serious environmental health problems. This source is responsible for 90% or more of human lead exposure. A UNEP-commissioned study (Hatfield, Journal of Environmental Health, 2011) estimates the benefits of the global elimination of leaded petrol at over 1.2 million premature deaths avoided per year, of which 125,000 are children. The overall global benefit of eliminating leaded petrol from use adds up to $2.45 trillion per year.
Today only 6 countries still use leaded petrol, versus the 82 countries that were leaded when the PCFV was formed in 2002. The PCFV supports programs in these 6 remaining countries, ensuring that a global elimination is within reach.
While developed countries have reduced fuel sulphur levels to 50 or even 10 parts permillion (ppm), in developing and transitional countries the average sulphur levels (particularly in diesel fuels) are very high and may even reach 10,000 ppm. PCFV efforts to lower sulphur levels in fuels, by improving refinery technology and/or fuel import standards have resulted in major progress in Africa, Latin America and parts of South and Eastern Europe.
Low sulfur fuels are critical to lowering direct emissions of particulate matter (PM) from on-road traffic, i.e.ultra-fine soot particles (of great concern due to their health impacts and are a leading cause of lung cancer) and black carbon (an important climate pollutant).