Global Phase-out of Leaded Petrol
One of the most notable accomplishments of the PCFV has been its work on the global phase-out of leaded petrol. When the PCFV was launched in 2002, about half of the countries around the world were still using leaded petrol. As of early 2007, following steady Partnership efforts and engagement, there are less than twenty countries around the world still using leaded petrol.
Progress has been most notable in Sub-Saharan Africa; the PCFV was a key player in implementing the objective of the Dakar Declaration of 2001 – the complete elimination of leaded petrol by end-2005. Whereas in 2001 only one country in Sub-Saharan Africa was completely unleaded (Sudan), as of 1 January 2006, all countries in that region had stopped the import and production of leaded petrol.
PCFV was able, through a series of targeted actions including public awareness and sensitisation of both public and policy makers to bring attention and consensus for action to this global heath and pollution issue. Policy evelopment and Program support, through experts, workshops and Blood lead testing, was provided to support
Reduction of sulphur in fuels
Extensive practical experience around the world has shown that lowering sulphur levels in fuel results in a number of benefits. Lower-sulphur products decrease the amount of harmful emissions from the vehicle, allow the use of more advanced technologies (that further reduce pollutants), and vastly improve air quality. Advances in engine and component technologies are constantly being made, especially for diesel vehicles; however, these technologies require the use of lower sulphur fuel.
The PCFV has been working with countries around the world in the reduction of sulphur levels in fuels. A number of activities and initiatives have been undertaken to this end. At the global level, the PCFV has convened a Global Working Group on Sulphur to provide technical and policy guidelines on how to lower sulphur emissions. The guidelines have been agreed by consensus by representatives from both the fuels and vehicles industries, as well as those from governments and civil society.
In addition, the PCFV is working with governments at the national and sub regional level to address sulphur emissions. Several workshops have been held to exchange information and best practices, discuss various reduction strategies, and set targets for emissions reductions. The approach of the PCFV is through recognition that fuels and vehicles work together as a system: the greatest benefits are achievable through combining lower sulphur fuels with appropriate vehicle and emission control technologies.
Cleaner vehicles and vehicle technologies
The PCFV has also been making inroads into researching and addressing the importance of cleaner vehicles and vehicle technologies. Recent activities on this issue include continued deliberations of the Vehicles Working Group, ongoing training of fleet managers with online tools, and continued research into cleaner vehicles (such as hybrid electric vehicles).
Valuable products that have emerged from PCFV efforts on this issue include a guide to valve seat recession, a booklet
on cleaner motorcycles, and an online training toolkit to help fleet managers improve the performance of their vehicles and lower emissions.
Partners to the PCFV have also undertaken numerous clean vehicle-related initiatives around the world. For example, a pilot project in Mexico City was launched to retrofit a limited number of buses with advanced emissions control technology to reduce emissions of particulates and other pollutants from diesel engines. Another technical assistance project in Bangladesh focused on reducing emissions from auto-rickshaws through the replacement of imported gasoline and diesel with domestic natural gas, as well as improved maintenance of the vehicle fleet. These actions are leading to lower emissions and improved fuel economy.