With support from the European Union and the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the PCFV, together with the Corporaciˇn Para el Mejoramiento del Aire de Quito (CORPAIRE), organized a subregional conference focusing on sulphur reduction in fuels and cleaner diesel technologies in South America 13-14 February 2007 at the Swiss˘tel in Quito. The Conference was formally opened by the Mayor of Quito, the Minister of Energy and the Minister of Environment of Ecuador.
Countries in South America are now in the process of implementing numerous air quality management measures, including improved air quality monitoring in urban areas, vehicle emission standards building on European and US standards, and stricter fuel quality standards. The South American subregion has phased out the use of leaded gasoline, and countries such as Chile and Brazil are leading the way in lowering sulphur levels in petrol and diesel fuels.
Sulphur levels in diesel fuels in South America vary from 5,000 parts-per-million (ppm) in Venezuela to 50 ppm now available in Chile metropolitan areas. In comparison, the United States and Europe are now introducing 10-15 ppm sulphur in diesel. Countries like Brazil, Peru and Argentina have introduced or plan to introduce 50 ppm diesel either in cities or nationwide by 2009. Other countries like Uruguay, Paraguay, and Venezuela have yet to lower sulphur levels in fuels.
Download maps and matrices for Latin America fuels and vehicles.