Urban air quality and human health in countries in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) continue to suffer from vehicular emissions linked to the continued use of leaded petrol, high vehicle fuel sulphur levels, and the lack of widespread use of vehicle emissions control technology (e.g. catalytic converters). Cleaner fuels are needed in order to lower vehicle emissions, improve air quality (especially in urban areas), and enable the use of ever-advancing vehicle emissions controls and engine technologies.
The EECCA region has two countries that still use leaded gasoline and sulphur levels in transportation fuels are high (ranging from 50 parts per million (ppm) to 5,000 ppm). In addition to an older vehicle fleet where most private cars are more than 10 years old and low maintenance and inspection rates, the rise in private vehicle ownership and decreasing utilization of public transport stand to only worsen the existing situation.
The PCFV has partnered with the Regional Environmental Center for the Caucasus (REC Caucasus, www.rec-caucasus.org) in Tbilisi, Georgia to initiate a regional discussion to assess the current status of fuels and vehicles in EECCA, progress made to date in fuel quality and vehicle standards, and the challenges remaining for the promotion of lead-free, low-sulphur fuels and improved vehicle standards.
The first EECCA regional meeting was held 24 & 25 January in Tbilisi to develop a way forward (including strategies and timelines) to eliminate leaded gasoline in remaining countries by end 2008, lower vehicle fuel sulphur levels, and promoting cleaner vehicle technology, along with the next steps to be taken at the subregional and national levels for cleaner fuels and vehicles.
Lead-Free, Low Sulphur Fuels for Better Air Quality: The Systems Approach
Elisa Dumitrescu, UNEP-Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV)
World Overview of Cleaner Fuel and Vehicle Trends
Michael Walsh, International Council on Clean Transportation
CEE/SEE Experience with Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles
Ruslan Zhechkov, The Regional Environment Center for Central and Eastern Europe
Fuel Quality and Vehicle Standards in EECCA Countries: Current Policy & Future Scenarios
Keti Samadashvili, REC Caucasus
- Lowering Sulphur in Fuels and Transition to Lead-Free Petrol: Regional Refining Challenges and EU Trends
Petr Steiner, International Fuel Quality Center
- Country Case Study: [English] [Russia]
Vadim Donchenko, Ministry of Transport, Russia
- Country Case Study: Kazakhstan
Akmaral Kalmuratova, "Centre of expertise and certification of oil and oil products ORGANIC LTD"
- Cleaner Vehicle Technology - The Systems Approach
- Country Case Study: Georgia
Nino Tkhilava, Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of Georgia
- Case Study Uzbekistan
- Liquid Biofuels in EECCA
Fatin Ali Mohamed, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
- Ensuring Sustainability of Bioenergy: Update on UNEP's activities
Martina Otto, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
- Armenia Case Study
Martiros Tsarukyan, Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia