Lead Phase-Out Training for the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
At the invitation of the Ministry of Land and Environment Protection of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), UNEP conducted a training workshop on phasing out leaded additives from gasoline. Several other key transport issues and related recommendations were also covered. The workshop was held 24 – 26 January 2011 in Pyongyang for 35 participants from a variety of ministries and institutes.
The UNEP team comprised of the PCFV Focal point for Asia-Pacific, Ms Vered Ehsani, and Mr Purna Rajbhandari from UNEP’s Regional Resource Center for Asia and the Pacific (RRC.AP). PCFV provided 5 presentations:
1) A general overview of transport issues and an introduction to the work of UNEP’s Transport Unit;
2) Fuel quality issues, specifically unleaded, low Sulphur fuel;
3) Cleaner, more efficient vehicles, with an introduction to the Global Fuel Economy Initiative;
4) Public and non-motorised transport; and
5) Suggested recommendations.
There was a presentation from DPRK providing information on the public transport systems in place, road design criteria used and other basic information.
A number of recommendations were made, in particular: phase out leaded fuel; find affordable alternatives to raise the Octane level; set vehicle emission standards, possibly using the China standards as a model; develop a train (or possibly a Bus Rapid Transit) to connect the satellite cities and suburbs to the city centre (the current buses and trolleys aren’t enough to meet demand); provide protected bike lanes as part of the road design standard; raise awareness about these issues; and promote public transport. The workshop participants agreed on an action plan, including an assessment to compile basic information on fuel quality.