Work on cleaner, more efficient vehicles in Montenegro
UNEP, through the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, has supported Montenegro’s transition to cleaner fuels since 2005. Following Montenegro’s adoption of cleaner fuel standards (leaded petrol is now banned and low sulphur 10 ppm fuels are the national norm); Euro 5 vehicle standards are now also in place for imports subsequent to January 2011.
The country is moving to the next level of measures to ensure a clean, efficient car stock. Through a continuing partnership with the Regional Environmental Center (REC) and the Ministry of Economy, UNEP’s Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) is supporting the development of a national program to address automotive fuel economy through the establishment of a national working group and the calculation of a national auto fuel economy baseline starting with the year 2005.
This effort aims to catalyze a longer-term national effort to build on the availability of clean fuels and encourage a more sustainable auto sector. As an EU accession country, Montenegro has an added incentive to adopt advancing fuel economy and vehicle emission standards.
A recent national meeting held in Budva focused on the baseline fuel economy estimate for Montenegro, the Regional Environmental Center Country Office in Montenegro also initiated the design process of a larger fuel economy project planned for launch later this year. Encouragingly, Montenegro's efforts are to be broadcast across the sub-region to help spur similar efforts in Serbia, Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia.
According to the 2010 national communication of Montenegro to the UNFCCC, road traffic accounted for almost 90% of energy consumption in the transport sector (15.2% of overall consumption). The national communication states that “In order to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases on roads in Montenegro, it is necessary to implement a package of measures that includes: increase energy efficiency of motor pools.”
Srna Sudar, Director of the REC Country Office Montenegro said “With the launch of this project, we fully expect to reach a national consensus on Montenegro’s need to transpose EU transport emission standards.”