Serbia gets the sulfur out
Since 2005, the PCFV has supported countries in Southeast Europe with the technical expertise, access to global and regional networks, and funding resources needed to adopt low sulfur diesel and petrol standards. Together with the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (the REC), we can now confirm that Serbia has successfully transitioned to low sulfur 10 ppm fuels as of July 2013. Low sulfur fuels significantly lower particulate matter emissions, a known human carcinogen, from internal combustion engines.
Serbia's considerable refinery investments over the past few years have now paid dividends in cleaner fuels which will be used nationally and also exported regionally, contributing
to improved air quality for millions of people. Serbia is among the latest countries in Europe to adopt cleaner auto fuel standards; for more information on progress and plans you can follow regional
developments here and get a snapshot here.
Serbia is now fully in line with EU requirements for lead, aromatics, benzene (for petrol) and sulfur (for both petrol and diesel). This latest development on fuel quality in the region is a product of regional cooperation through the Southeast European Regional Clean Fuels and Vehicles Network, supported by the PCFV with financing from the European
Union, the USEPA and the FIA Foundation. Serbia’s pump-level fuel quality was confirmed with support from Ice Rikalovski of the Macedonian OKTA refinery, who designed the
fuel quality sampling methodology used to independently confirm fuel quality in Serbia's achievement. Laboratory support was provided through
the REC’s Regional Proficiency Testing Scheme with laboratories in the Western Balkans.
A regional workshop to discuss wider sampling in the region will be organized in the
first half of November 2013 in Belgrade. For additional details, please contact UNEP Transport Unit regional focal point Elisa Dumitrescu
Now Available: East Europe Clean Fuels, Vehicles Online Hub
UNEP together with the Regional Environmental Center (REC) have launched the specialized online hub for activities, news and networking on cleaner, more efficient vehicles for the countries in Southeast and Eastern Europe, available online from http://ceecfv.rec.org/. In addition to providing a central point of access on updated fuel quality, vehicle emission standards and developments, and auto fuel economy knowledge relevant to the sub-region’s countries, the website also provides an area for experts and policy makers to communicate on these issues, ask questions and network with colleagues. An online regional roster of transport experts is planned for early 2012.
Beta version of Cleaner, More Efficient Vehicles Tool now available
Available from http://www.unep.org/transport/gfei/autotool/ the GFEI Tool is an online product designed to support the development of auto fuel economy policies worldwide by answering basic questions related to the technology and policies required. It can be explored in any order, and is crafted to be equally accessible to policy makers and interested consumers.
The Tool contains guidance and real-world examples to inform users of what is being done to improve automotive fuel economy around the world, including both basic and more specialized sections on the definition of fuel economy, fuel efficient technologies, vehicle safety vs. fuel economy, and a range of economic and communication instruments. The Tool’s aim is to open the door to national discussions and planning and it is designed to answer questions related to the why, where and how’s of cleaner, more efficient vehicles.
Cleaner, More Efficient Vehicles in Montenegro
UNEP, through the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, has supported Montenegro’s transition to cleaner fuels since 2005. Following Montenegro’s adoption of cleaner fuel standards in January 2011 (leaded petrol is now banned and phased out from the market, and low sulphur 10 ppm fuels are the national norm) and Euro V vehicle import standards, the country is moving to the next level of measures to ensure a clean, efficient car stock. Montenegro has set aside USD 200,000 of its GEF allocated funds for a national auto fuel economy project.
In continuing partnership with the Regional Environmental Center (REC) and the Ministry of Economy, UNEP (through the Global Fuel Economy Initiative) is supporting the development of a national program to address auto fuel economy through the establishment of a national working group and the calculation of a national auto fuel economy baseline starting with 2008. This effort aims to catalyze a longer-term national effort to build on the availability of clean fuels and encourage a more sustainable auto sector. As an EU candidate country, Montenegro has an added incentive to adopt advancing fuel economy and vehicle emission standards.
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Lead Phase-out in Montenegro
Based on PCFV and FIA Foundation support for a national multi-sectoral working group for lead phase-out and low sulphur fuels, the Montenegrin government has approved and formally announced as of early 2010 the Law on Air Protection, Ordinance on Limit Values of Pollutants in Liquid Fossil Fuels passed the government.
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Cleaner Fleets Slovenia
The PCFV, together with the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe's Slovenia country office, and the Clean Air Initiative-Asia held a Clean Fleet Management Training for Slovenian fleet managers on 26 November 2009 - for both public institutions and private companies.
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Lead Phase-out, 'Euro 5' Fuels in FYR Macedonia
As of June 2009, leaded fuel is no longer produced nor imported into FYR Macedonia and the local refinery Okta produces lead-free, low sulphur (10 ppm) fuels. REC Macedonia, together with John Courtis and with support from the PCFV Clearing-House, led national coordination and technical assistance on this initiative, securing disposal of remaining leaded stocks and public information on the phase-out.
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Cleaner Vehicle Fleets in Central and Eastern Europe
Technical Training for Fleet Managers
The PCFV, together with the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe’s Poland country office, held a Clean Fleet Management Training for Polish fleet managers on 21 May – both public and private, including TNT Poland.
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Sub Regional Meeting on Lead Phase-Out in Southeast Europe: FYR Macedonia on track for lead phase-out in June/July 2009
Following a sub regional meeting on leaded petrol elimination held in Ohrid, FYR Macedonia 12-13 February attended by representatives from Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro the national agency on fuel stock reserves announced a successful tender for the remaining 800 tons of leaded fuel stocks. The leaded fuel will be sold at designated, clearly marked pumps and stations countrywide until stocks are exhausted.
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Building on Cleaner Fuels in Turkey
As part of ongoing EU approximation, Turkey has banned the use of leaded petrol as of 1 January 2006. The Turkish refinery sector has undertaken significant investments to lower the level of sulphur in diesel fuel to as low as 10 ppm, but higher sulphur fuels (up to 7,000 ppm diesel) are still allowed on the market during a transitional period through to 2007.
As of 1 January 2007 all new cars are required to meet Euro IV emissions requirements, but there is a need for greater cooperation between the government, fuel and automobile sectors to spur consumer demand for low-sulphur fuels as newer vehicle technology becomes standard in the country. The one-day national workshop on 4 May in Ankara, Turkey was organized in cooperation with the Regional Environmental Center's Turkey office. Presentations (mainly in Turkish) and a final report in English are now available on the REC website
Directions for Leaded Gasoline Phase-Out in Serbia
Against the background of privatisation preparations for the Novi Sad and Pancevo refineries, the one-day Serbia roundtable focused in particular on the continued use of leaded gasoline in the country. Serbia is one of the last places in Europe still using leaded fuel (Bosnia & Herzegovina and FYR Macedonia are the others). Leaded makes up around 58% of the Serbian petrol market and the current deadline for its ban is 2010. For presentations (in Serbian), agenda and list of participants see the REC website
National training seminar on Cleaner Vehicles and Vehicle Technology
A national training seminar on cleaner vehicles and vehicle technology was held in Sofia, Bulgaria on 13 March, 2006. Strategies for cleaner vehicle fleets are of interest as the country grapples with its ageing vehicle fleet (40% of the vehicles in Bulgaria are over 20 years old). Around 70% of the diesel fuel sold in the country is already at 50 ppm sulphur, while the rest is at 350 ppm. Michael Walsh, Associate Partner of the PCFV, presented information on cleaner technology for new and existing vehicles, incentives used in other countries for their promotion, and sustainable transport strategies and case studies. Seminar information and presentations are available on the REC website
Meetings and Events