Serbia gets the sulfur out
Since 2005, the PCFV has supported countries in Southeast Europe with the technical expertise, access to global and regional networks, and funding resources needed to adopt low sulfur diesel and petrol standards. Together with the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (the REC), we can now confirm that Serbia has successfully transitioned to low sulfur 10 ppm fuels as of July 2013. Low sulfur fuels significantly lower particulate matter emissions, a known human carcinogen, from internal combustion engines.
Serbia's considerable refinery investments over the past few years have now paid dividends in cleaner fuels which will be used nationally and also exported regionally, contributing
to improved air quality for millions of people. Serbia is among the latest countries in Europe to adopt cleaner auto fuel standards; for more information on progress and plans you can follow regional
developments here and get a snapshot here.
Serbia is now fully in line with EU requirements for lead, aromatics, benzene (for petrol) and sulfur (for both petrol and diesel). This latest development on fuel quality in the region is a product of regional cooperation through the Southeast European Regional Clean Fuels and Vehicles Network, supported by the PCFV with financing from the European
Union, the USEPA and the FIA Foundation. Serbia’s pump-level fuel quality was confirmed with support from Ice Rikalovski of the Macedonian OKTA refinery, who designed the
fuel quality sampling methodology used to independently confirm fuel quality in Serbia's achievement. Laboratory support was provided through
the REC’s Regional Proficiency Testing Scheme with laboratories in the Western Balkans.
A regional workshop to discuss wider sampling in the region will be organized in the
first half of November 2013 in Belgrade. For additional details, please contact UNEP Transport Unit regional focal point Elisa Dumitrescu
GFEI holds high level fuel economy seminar in Tbilisi
The first high level meeting on auto fuel economy in Georgia was held in Tbilisi 27-28 May, with Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) representatives (Lew Fulton, Gianni Lopez and Elisa Dumitrescu) and government representatives from Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan along with private and civil society groups. They came together to discuss the way forward for improving auto fuel economy in Georgia following the national baseline fuel economy estimate and GFEI fuel economy projection, and reducing CO2 emissions from the transport sector in the South Caucasus region. In addition, the issue of fuel quality and impending Euro 5 vehicle standards was discussed as Georgia and Azerbaijan have higher fuel sulphur levels and new imported vehicles from 2014 will be unable to utilize diesel filter technology in these countries for air quality benefits.
The main policy instruments discussed as feasible for improving auto fuel economy in Georgia were: a feebate/progressive taxation of imported vehicles according to fuel economy/CO2 ratings and a vehicle fuel economy labeling scheme. Next steps include drafting of recommendations on fuel economy and cleaner fuels for government consideration.GFEI) representatives (Lew Fulton, Gianni Lopez and Elisa Dumitrescu) and government representatives from Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan along with private and civil society groups. They came together to discuss the way forward for improving auto fuel economy in Georgia following the national baseline fuel economy estimate and GFEI fuel economy projection, and reducing CO2 emissions from the transport sector in the South Caucasus region.
In addition, the issue of fuel quality and impending Euro 5 vehicle standards was discussed as Georgia and Azerbaijan have higher fuel sulphur levels and new imported vehicles from 2014 will be unable to utilize diesel filter technology in these countries for air quality benefits. The main policy instruments discussed as feasible for improving auto fuel economy in Georgia were: a feebate/progressive taxation of imported vehicles according to fuel economy/CO2 ratings and a vehicle fuel economy labeling scheme. Next steps include drafting of recommendations on fuel economy and cleaner fuels for government consideration.
Now Available: East Europe Clean Fuels, Vehicles Online Hub
UNEP together with the Regional Environmental Center (REC) have launched the specialized online hub for activities, news and networking on cleaner, more efficient vehicles for the countries in Southeast and Eastern Europe, available online from http://ceecfv.rec.org/. In addition to providing a central point of access on updated fuel quality, vehicle emission standards and developments, and auto fuel economy knowledge relevant to the sub-region’s countries, the website also provides an area for experts and policy makers to communicate on these issues, ask questions and network with colleagues. An online regional roster of transport experts is planned for early 2012.
Beta version of Cleaner, More Efficient Vehicles Tool now available
Available from http://www.unep.org/transport/gfei/autotool/ the GFEI Tool is an online product designed to support the development of auto fuel economy policies worldwide by answering basic questions related to the technology and policies required. It can be explored in any order, and is crafted to be equally accessible to policy makers and interested consumers.
The Tool contains guidance and real-world examples to inform users of what is being done to improve automotive fuel economy around the world, including both basic and more specialized sections on the definition of fuel economy, fuel efficient technologies, vehicle safety vs. fuel economy, and a range of economic and communication instruments. The Tool’s aim is to open the door to national discussions and planning and it is designed to answer questions related to the why, where and how’s of cleaner, more efficient vehicles.
Caucasus Fuel Economy Initiative (CFEI) rolling towards first national auto CO2 emission calculation, evaluation of vehicle emission standards
Following the launch of the GFEI for EECCA countries in May 2010, UNEP has been working intensively with the Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN) and the Georgia Partnership for Road Safety to implement a sub regional program that addresses energy efficiency in the auto sector. The project’s initial focus is on Georgia, including the calculation of the country’s baseline vehicle stock energy consumption and trends, developing a coherent auto fuel economy policy, and complementary Euro-level vehicle emission plans and standards. Armenia and Azerbaijan will be informed and consulted as the work in Georgia progresses, with national roll out in these two countries planned for 2012-2013 (resources allowing).
The Georgian Steering Committee was formed in 2011 and met for the first time October 18th in Tbilisi, headed by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia and consisting of the EU Delegation to Georgia, First Secretary, the USAID Energy and Environment Office, the Deputy Chairman of Parliament of Georgia, Tbilisi City Hall, the National Automobile Federation in Georgia, the National Center for Control of Diseases and Public Health, the Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of Georgia, Ilia State University, and Begiashvili Co. LTD.
Differentiated taxation schemes for low emission vehicles, cost-benefit analyses on fuel efficiency options for Georgia, fuel quality upgrades and complementary criteria pollutant standards for vehicles (Euro III and above). Additional working group sessions were held in Armenia and Azerbaijan. Working papers analyzing the existing institutional and legal frameworks affecting vehicle emissions (including fuel quality) are now available for Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia from the project website: http://www.gfei-caucasus.org/.
Calculation of the national auto fuel economy baseline for Georgia (from 2008) is ongoing. The national baseline for Georgia will be used as a launchpad for a national meeting in late 2012 that will start to map out fuel economy policy options for the country and also look at fuel quality improvements beyond the recent reduction in sulphur (Georgia now at 300 ppm sulphur in diesel, 250 ppm in petrol with no 50 ppm plan) and adoption of Euro-level auto emission standards (none planned at the moment).
Sub regional cooperation and coordination framework and mechanism for cleaner fuels and vehicles in southeast Europe (SEE) wraps up in Sarajevo,
12-13 May 2011, Sarajevo
The last of the sub regional working sessions on cleaner fuels and vehicles in the Southeast European context was held in Sarajevo, Serbia on 12-13 May 2011. This was the last of a series of specialized high level working sessions that included
- Working Session I on drafting of EU compliant fuel quality legislation and strengthening the institutions in charge of implementation in Belgrade, Serbia on July 2010
- Working Session II on fuel quality control and monitoring in Skopje, Macedonia September, 2010
- Working Session III on liquid fuel technology, standards and mandatory stocks in Podgorica, Montenegro October 2010
Participating countries include Albania, Serbia, Montenegro, FYR Macedonia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina and the sub regional sessions were supported by the UNEP-based Partnership of Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV), and supported by the Regional Environment Center (REC) and it country offices.
The overall aim of the sessions was to set up a sub-regional cooperation and coordination mechanisms as the foundation for the implementation of cleaner, more efficient motor vehicle plans (including fuel economy), and to enhance the adoption and implementation of national standards for lead-free, low sulphur fuels and improving vehicle standards commensurate with European standards. With the intensive support of the REC country office Macedonia, this work culminated in Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia announcing bans on leaded petrol from January 2011 along with low sulphur fuel standards, or plans to limit sulphur levels within the next few years (as is the case for BiH and Serbia).
The next steps for this work will be to develop advanced vehicle emission (including CO2) projects at the national level, together with a sub regional component to ensure that countries continue to share expertise and work together to ensure cleaner air and improved energy security.
For meeting documents, visit the regional clean fuels and vehicles hub at http://ceecfv.rec.org/event/15
Cleaner, More Efficient Vehicles: Reducing Emissions in Central and Eastern Europe, 5-6 May 2010 - Szentendre, Hungary
The conference of the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI): “Cleaner, More Efficient Vehicles: Reducing Emissions in Central and Eastern Europe” took place in Szentendre, Hungary on 5th and 6th May, 2010. The event was organized by the GFEI in partnership with the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) and Eastern Alliance for Safe and Sustainable Transport (EASST). Some 64 participants representing various international organizations and national institutions including ministries, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO), state agencies, universities, automobile clubs and associations from South and Eastern Europe (SEE), Central Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia attended the conference.
The GFEI supported by G8, IPCC targets and recent moves by the US, Japan and India, believe that a move across the global fleet towards far better fuel economy at a scale which is already technically achievable, could save over 6 billion barrels of oil per year by 2050, and close to half of CO2 emissions from cars, as well as generate significant local air pollution benefits - all using existing, cost-effective technologies. This is simply too good to ignore. The FIA Foundation, IEA, ITF and UNEP have been working in partnership as the Global Fuel Economy Initiative since 2008, and have now launched the challenge for countries to take these ideas forward.
Sub regional cooperation and coordination framework and mechanism for cleaner fuels and vehicles in southeast Europe (SEE)
The first in a series of four working sessions on cleaner fuels and vehicles in the Southeast European context was held in Belgrade, Serbia on July 1st-2nd 2010. The focus of the 2-day session was on improved sharing of information and experience among Southeast European (SEE) countries as a means of moving in a harmonized way toward improved air quality, fuel quality, and lower vehicle emissions. Participating countries include Serbia, Montenegro, FYR Macedonia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The event was sponsored by the Partnership of Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV), and supported by the Regional Environment Center (REC). » Read More
Sub Regional Meeting on Lead Phase-Out in Southeast Europe: FYR Macedonia on track for lead phase-out in June/July 2009
Following a sub regional meeting on leaded petrol elimination held in Ohrid, FYR Macedonia 12-13 February attended by representatives from Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro the national agency on fuel stock reserves announced a successful tender for the remaining 800 tons of leaded fuel stocks. The leaded fuel will be sold at designated, clearly marked pumps and stations countrywide until stocks are exhausted. The Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning, along with the national working group on cleaner fuels and vehicles, will ensure public information on potential catalyst damage. Leaded fuel is no longer produced nor imported into FYR Macedonia and the local refinery Okta produces lead-free, low sulphur (50 ppm) fuels. However, the existence of leaded fuel stocks has prevented a completed phase-out until now. REC Macedonia together with John Courtis and with support from the PCFV Clearing-House, have led national coordination and technical assistance on this initiative.
REC Montenegro is leading a similar project designed to support the country in meeting its phase-out target of July 2009. Serbia and BiH maintain targets of 2010/2011. » Read More
Cleaner Vehicle Fleets in Central and Eastern Europe Training for Fleet Managers & National Programme Managers, 18-19 September 2008 - Szentendre, Hungary
Together with the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC), the PCFV Clearing House organized a specialized training on the use of and implementation of the Cleaner Fleet Management Toolkit (developed by UNEP and TNT in 2006/2007, available from http://www.unep.org/tnt-unep/toolkit/). The event was sponsored by TNT, and the Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM).
The toolkit contains a number of tools that, when used together, function to prepare both public and private vehicle fleet managers to (1) evaluate the impacts of their fleets on the environment and human health and (2) then develop a practical strategy for corrective and cost-effective action through a number of options (from eco driving and improved maintenance through to advanced fuels and technologies). The toolkit takes fleet managers and those interested in learning about lowering emissions from road transport through a step-by-step system that is accessible to both the experienced and beginners in the field. » Read More
Launch of PCFV activities in Caucasus, Central Asia
Urban air quality and human health in countries in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) continue to suffer from vehicular emissions linked to the continued use of leaded petrol, high vehicle fuel sulphur levels, and the lack of widespread use of vehicle emissions control technology (e.g. catalytic converters). Cleaner fuels are needed in order to lower vehicle emissions, improve air quality (especially in urban areas), and enable the use of ever-advancing vehicle emissions controls and engine technologies.
The EECCA region has two countries that still use leaded gasoline and sulphur levels in transportation fuels are high (ranging from 50 parts per million (ppm) to 5,000 ppm). In addition to an older vehicle fleet where most private cars are more than 10 years old and low maintenance and inspection rates, the rise in private vehicle ownership and decreasing utilization of public transport stand to only worsen the existing situation. » Read More
Georgia Today: Emissions and Vehicle Overpopulation Threaten Air Quality
Central and Eastern Europe Workshop on Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles
The PCFV, in partnership with the US Government (USEPA) and the Regional Environmental Center (REC), a major regional NGO, organized a workshop on cleaner fuels and vehicles on Thursday and Friday, 27-28 October, 2005, at REC headquarters in Szentendre, Hungary, just north of Budapest.
The discussions included the issues of leaded gasoline phaseout, plans for the reduction of sulphur levels in diesel fuel, cleaner vehicles and emission control technologies, approximation of national legislation with EU fuel quality standards, and biofuels.
The workshop was an opportunity for government, industry and civil society representatives from CEE and Turkey to assess progress made on these issues and to develop appropriate next steps for countries still using leaded gasoline and high fuel sulphur levels. The event also aimed at increased awareness of clean vehicles and fuels opportunities in the region.
Central and Eastern Europe Workshop on Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles
VROM Workshop on Fuel Quality in Southeast Europe & Turkey
REC Clean Fuels and Vehilces Website
Meetings and Events