Some of the environmental
vulnerabilities of SIDS are intrinsic and cannot be influenced by human
actions. Others could be managed, at least in part, by the governments
and people of SIDS, and to this end, the BPoA and other programmes and
initiatives have been adopted. In 2003, SIDS, the UN, and other regional
and international organizations have been preparing for the 10-year
review in 2004 of progress in implementing the BPoA.
Regional meetings in 2003 to prepare for the 10-year review have been
crucial in highlighting some progress and critical issues for attention.
Most Caribbean SIDS, for example, now have draft disaster management
policies and programmes. Some have developed hazard mitigation policies
and have sought to include these measures into their national development
plans. There has been an improvement in the early warning system of
the region. In addition, a more coordinated regional approach to disaster
management and recovery has been developed (UNDESA 2003).
Countries and territories in the Pacific have recommended the full
implementation of the Action Strategy for Nature Conservation in the
Pacific Islands (2003–2007) to effectively deal with biodiversity
conservation. They have also called on governments to complete and implement
national biodiversity strategic action plans as well as ratify and implement
the Cartagena Protocol. The Pacific region has also called for the development
of rules to legally protect traditional knowledge of indigenous and
local communities, particularly in the context of the Convention on
Biological Diversity (CBD). They have also advocated for regulatory
frameworks or instruments to ensure fair and equitable benefit sharing
to indigenous and local communities while providing a fair system of
access of investors (SIDSNet 2003c).