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FRESHWATER AND ITS ROLE IN SOCIO-ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
As stressed in the previous section, safeguarding water for environmental needs is essential to achieve environmental sustainability (Goal 7). The disruption of the water cycle will inevitably affect biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and ultimately the provision of ecosystem goods and services to humans. Degrading water quality, water shortages and changes in the flow not only have an indirect impact on people through such ecosystem changes, but the use of water for human needs such as drinking water, agriculture and industrial processes also directly affect people’s health and well-being.

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