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Acronyms and Abbreviations

Aarhus Convention

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

AC

Accession Countries

AFP

Asia Forest Partnership

AIA

Advance Informed Agreement

AIMS

Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean, and the South China Seas (SIDS grouping)

AMAP

Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme

AMCEN

African Ministerial Conference on the Environment

ANWR

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASTER

advance spaceborne thermal emission and reflection radiometer

AU

African Union

Basel Convention

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

BPoA

Barbados Programme of Action

CAC

Codex Alimentarius Commission

CAFF

Arctic Council's Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna

Cartagena Protocol

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CCD

Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification Particularly in Africa

CDIAC

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

CE

Central Europe

CEC

Commission for Environmental Cooperation

CEE

Central and Eastern Europe

CFCs

chlorofluorocarbons

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CMS

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

CNG

compressed natural gas

CO2

carbon dioxide

CPAN

Circumpolar Protected Areas Network

CRED

Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters

CSD

Commission on Sustainable Development

DALY

disability adjusted life year

DRC

Democratic Republic of Congo

EC

European Community

EEA

European Environment Agency

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

EfE

Environment for Europe

ENN

Environmental News Network

EROS

Earth Resources Observation System of USGS

ERSDAC

Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center

Espoo Convention

Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context

EVI

Environment Vulnerability Index

EU

European Union

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN

FLEG

Forest Law Enforcement and Governance

G-8

Group of 8, an informal group of eight countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States

GCC

Gulf Cooperation Council

GC/GMEF

Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GEO

Global Environment Outlook of UNEP

GEMS

Global Environment Monitoring System

GFMC

Global Fire Monitoring Center

GHG

greenhouse gas

GIWA

Global International Waters Assessment


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