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Climate initiatives
Wind energy has seen a sharp increase over the last decade.
Source: PROSOR-UNEP/Still Pictures

The entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol had appeared to be in question following the United States' rejection of the Protocol in 2001. In order to come into force it required the ratification of at least 55 countries accounting for at least 55 per cent of total emissions. In 2004 the Russian Federation joined over 120 other countries in ratifying the treaty, thus ensuring that the instrument will enter into force on 16 February 2005.

Although it is not part of the larger multilateral approach to addressing climate change, the United States government continues to track the issue. In 2004 a report from the US government's Climate Change Science Program acknowledged that global warming is the result of human activities (CCSP 2004).

The United States took some steps in international fora towards addressing the problems of climate change. It belongs to the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum. Launched in 2003, this forum engages 16 government partners to focus on the development of carbon capture and storage technologies. A ministerial meeting of the forum in January 2004 in Rome endorsed ten joint projects. The US is also playing a lead role in the Methane to Markets partnership, a new agreement between nations designed to reduce methane emissions.

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