About UNEP UNEP Offices News Centre Publications Events Awards Milestones UNEP Store
GEO Year Book 2004/5  
UNEP Website GEO Home Page
Theme: GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Issue: International environmental governance
Indicator: Number of parties to multilateral environmental agreements

Ratification of major multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has progressed, indicating increasing commitment of countries to addressing environmental issues (Figure 21). Recently the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change gained sufficient ratifications to come into force in early 2005. On chemicals, the Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent, and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, both entered into force in 2004. All the selected MEAs have seen the number of ratifications grow steadily, and many are approaching the maximum number of parties by now. Taking all 13 MEAs together 75 per cent of possible ratifications have been made for the world as a whole. In every region at least 60 per cent of the potential ratifications have been made (Table 2).

Figure 21: Number of parties to multilateral environmental agreements, 1971–2004

Source: GEO Data Portal, compiled from MEA Secretariats

 

Table 2: Number of parties to multilateral environmental agreements, by GEO region
 
CBD
CMS
CITES
Heritage
Kyoto
Ozone
Ramsar
PIC
POPs
UNCCD
UNCLOS
UNFCCC
Basel
Total
Potential
%
Africa (53)
52
29
51
45
26
51
40
22
23
53
38
52
39
521
689
76
Asia + Pacfic (45)
45
9
30
40
33
43
24
16
18
44
33
44
33
410
585
70
Europe (49)
46
36
44
48
36
46
46
22
23
46
46
47
46
522
637
82
LAC (34)
32
8
32
31
27
33
25
9
13
33
27
33
30
333
442
75
North America (2)
1
0
2
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
18
26
69
West Asia (12)
10
3
7
11
2
10
4
5
3
10
9
10
10
94
156
60
Global (195)
186
85
166
177
125
185
141
72
81
189
144
188
159
1898
2535
75
See Annex for full convention names.
Source: GEO Data Portal, compiled from MEA Secretariats

Earthprint.com Order the Book