The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, which took 226 435 lives and caused over US$10 billion worth of damage to the region, resulted in a concerted international relief effort through 2005. More than US$4 billion was committed towards rehabilitation efforts and the
establishment of the Indian Ocean Tsunami Early Warning System (IOTWS) (UNDP 2005, UNEP 2005a, Relief Web 2005).
This system, pcommunications, alarm networks and disaster preparedness training in vulnerable regions. In June, UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) adopted a resolution to create the IOTWS, which is targeted to become operational during 2006 (IOC 2005).aralleling one that is already in place for the Pacific, will involve a new network of earthquake and tidal sensors, speedy In October, an earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale struck in the borderregions of Pakistan and India (Box 2).