DISASTERS CAUSED BY NATURAL HAZARDS
COASTAL AND MARINE AREAS
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE
The core set of GEO Indicators present global headline trends in selected environmental issues. Together, they present a snapshot of humanity’s progress in sustainably managing our planetary habitat.
Continued efforts in the area of environmental monitoring, surveying and remote sensing, data compilation and verification, capacity building and international cooperation are modestly improving the overall data situation. However, there are persisting data gaps and shortcomings that make it impossible to show a comprehensive and regular set of indicators for all issues. Current gaps include data about waste disposal and its management, land degradation and urban air pollution. Each year we include a range of available indicators, particularly including any that have been updated or which shed new light on key trends.
Indicators on forest cover and glacier mass change have been reinstated, while new ones are included for threatened bird species
and the number of new organizations adopting the ISO 14001 standard on environmental management. Indicators which are currently used to monitor progress under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are marked as such in the headings. Most indicators are presented comprehensively for major regions and the world as a whole, based on the GEO regional classification. Latest available data are used in all cases. All the indicators can be accessed from http://geodata.grid.unep.ch, the GEO Data
Portal, which provides more background information and many more data sets.