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Acronyms and Abbreviations
ABC Atmospheric Brown Cloud
ANWR Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
AZE Alliance for Zero Extinction
Basel Convention Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
BOD Biological Oxygen Demand
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CCAMLR Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
CFCs Chlorofluorocarbons
CHP Combined Heat and Power
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CMS Convention on Migratory Species
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
CO Carbon Monoxide
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
DALY Disability-Adjusted Life Years
DME Dimethyl Ether
EAIS East Antarctic Ice Sheet
EANET Acid Deposition Monitoring Network East Asia
ECC Environmental Conservation Corps
EEA European Environment Agency
ETS Emissions Trading Scheme (of the EU)
EU European Union
EVI Environmental Vulnerability Index
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GCC Gulf Cooperation Council
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEMS Global Environment Monitoring System
GEO Global Environment Outlook (of UNEP)
GHG Greenhouse Gas
GM Genetically Modified
GRASP Great Apes Survival Project
GRID Global Resource Information Database
HCFCs Cydrochloroflourocarbons
HEVs Hybrid Electric Vehicles
HIPC Highly Indebted Poor Countries
HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
IEA International Energy Agency
ILO International Labour Organization
IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
IMO International Maritime Organization
INDOEX Indian Ocean Experiment
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
IOTWS Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System for the Indian Ocean
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPHE International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy
ISO International Organization for Standardization
IUCN World Conservation Union
IUU Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (fishing)
KISR Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
koe Kilogram of Oil Equivalent
Kyoto Protocol Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
MA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Madrid Protocol The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty 1991
MAP Madre de Dios (Peru), Acre (Brazil) and Pando (Bolivia)
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreement
MeBr Methyl Bromide
N Nitrogen
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (of the United States)
NEPAD New Partnership for Africa's Development
NO Nitric Oxide
NO2 Nitrogen Dioxide, Nitrites
NO3 Nitrates
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (of the United States)
NOx Nitrogen Oxides
NPRA National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska
O3 Ozone
ODP Ozone Depleting Potential
ODS Ozone Depleting Substance
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
PAHs Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons
PCP Pentachlorophenol
PIC Prior Informed Consent
PM Particulate Matter
POPs Persistent Organic Pollutants
PPP Purchasing Power Parity
PV Photovoltaic
Ramsar Convention Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat
RLIs Red List Indices
Rotterdam Convention Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
SIDS Small Island Developing State(s)
SO2 Sulphur Dioxide
SPM Suspended Particulate Matter
Stockholm Convention Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
UAE United Arab Emirates
UK United Kingdom
UN United Nations
UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
US United States
USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
USGS United States Geological Service
UV Ultraviolet
WAIS West Antarctic Ice Sheet
WHO World Health Organization
World Bank International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA)
World Heritage Convention Concerning the Protection of the Convention World Cultural and Natural Heritage
WWF World Wide Fund for Nature
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